A brief description of the Troodos Mountain region.
Troodos is the green heart of the island and a year round popular destination among Cypriots and visitors alike. The region is made up of some well known, as well as many small and unknown villages. The high peaks of the Troodos Mountains provide panoramic views of the south of the island as far as Limassol and the Peninsula of Akrotiri. From the north slopes of the mountains one can see the range of the Pentadakylos Mountains in the occupied north Cyprus, the central plain of Mesaoria, and Nicosia, the capital of the island.
Geology: Cyprus is divided into four geological zones. The Troodos Ophiolite zone dominates the central part of the island and makes up the geological core of Cyprus. It was formed on the Tethys sea floor which extends from the Pyrenees Mountains to the Himalayas, and it is a fragment of a fully developed oceanic crust made of plutonic, intrusive and volcanic rocks and chemical sediments. It was created 90 million years ago during the complex process of oceanic spreading and formation of oceanic crust and emerged out water as a result of the collision of the Eurasian plate to the north and the African plate to the south.
Vegetation and Flora:
Troodos is a botanical heaven and is one of the most important mountainous habitats of flora in Europe. Most of the Troodos Forests are natural and self regenerated. At the lower altitudes dominates the Brutia pine, Wild Olive, endemic Golden Oak, and Sumach, while the higher altitudes are dominated by the Black Pine. Other species common to the area are the Juniper, Dwarf Gorse and Barberry. The vegetation along riverbeds consists of oriental plane, Oriental Alder, Laurel, Bramble, Myrtle, Mint and Ivy. A large number of the black pine trees and junipers in the Troodos Forests are more than 500 years old and a few are about 1000 years old; because of their ecological and scientific value, these trees are strictly protected. Close to 750 species of plants have been recorded in the Troodos.
The animal life of the Troodos National Forest Park is rich and has a high conservational value. The park is home to the Cyprus moufflon, the fox, the hedgehog and many other species.
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