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The City of Pafos




In this article you will read a brief description about Pafos and its history.
Before the Turkish invasion in 1974 - like much of the rest of the region - Pafos was an undeveloped, unimportant, fishing small town. Today the city is home to one of the two international airports on the island and has developed into a bustling commercial centre and a popular tourism destination.
It is not, however, only the luxurious hotels, golf courses, tourist shops and clubs that attract visitors to Pafos; the natural beauty of the region is superb, and the archeological and religious sites of the area are impressively rich.Perhaps, what brings visitors here is the desire to walk in the footsteps of Aphrodite, the Goddess of love, to leave a rose at the foot of her rock and bath in the blue waters from where she emerged. It is said that Pafos was built by Arcadian Greeks (although some dispute this and attribute the building of the city to King Nekoklis, or King Kyniras) who settled in the area after the Trojan War. During the Hellenistic and Roman times Pafos was the capital of Cyprus, and the city’s port was used as a stop-over for east-west sea travelling during the Frankish occupation of the island.

It was in Pafos, in 45 A.D., that Apostles Paul and Varnavas preached Christianity to the then pagan Cypriots for the first time. Like most other coastal cities, Pafos suffered the Saracen pirate attacks, and it was completely destroyed by an earthquake in 1222 A.D.
The city is divided into upper and lower Pafos. The old town, or Ktima which is a UNESCO site, is built on a high rock overlooking the touristy new lower Pafos.


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