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FAQs on Car Tires

Alex

By

Alex

D2D Ltd

 
 
 
 
 

Tire rotation patterns & incorrect inflation symptoms

 

Tire tread wear indicators

 

Vehicle alignment

 

Air Loss

Common air loss problems and solutions

  1. How can I check my tires for wear problems?
    By learning to read early warning signs on the tire tread, you can prevent many wear problems that shorten tire life by thousands of miles. An underinflated tire wears more at the edges of the tread while an overinflated tire wears more at the center.
  1. How much air should I put in my tires?
    Proper inflation is the single most important part of tire care. The inflation pressure on the side of the tire is the MAXIMUM operating pressure. It is not necessarily the right inflation for your vehicle. Always use the inflation recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. You can find it in your owner's manual, posted on the edge of the driver's door, on a door post or on the inside of the glove box door. Always check inflation when tires are COLD: when the vehicle has been driven less than a mile or one hour or more after driving. Use a good quality tire gauge. Note: It's natural for radial tires to have a slight bulge in the sidewall at their proper inflation pressure. Check or adjust inflation every few weeks, before any long trip or if travelling with a heavy load. And don't forget to check the spare.

  2. When is it safe to repair a flat tire?
    "If a tire loses all or most of its air pressure, it must be removed from the wheel for a complete internal inspection to be sure it's not damaged. Tires that are run even short distances while flat are often damaged beyond repair. Most punctures, nail holes, or cuts up to 6.3mm -- confined to the tread -- may be satisfactorily repaired by trained personnel using industry-approved methods. Don't repair tires with tread punctures larger than 6.3mm, or any sidewall puncture. Also, never repair tires which are worn below 1.6mm tread depth. Your best bet is to make sure your spare tire is always ready to do the job. Check it regularly for proper air pressure and be sure that it is in good shape. If your car is equipped with one of the several types of temporary spares, be sure to check the spare tire's sidewall for the correct inflation pressure, speed, and mileage limitations.

Balancing

Balancing, alignment and related issues

  1. Isn't it easy to mount a tire on a wheel? Can't I do it myself?
    Never try to mount your own tires. Τire mounting is a job for the people who have the proper equipment and experience. If you try to do it yourself, you run the risk of serious injury to yourself as well as possible damage to the tire and rim.

  2. Should I rotate my tires?
    Regular and proper tire rotation promotes more uniform wear for all of the tires on a vehicle. All season tires should be rotated in a ""modified X"" pattern, meaning only the tires being moved to the drive axle are crossed to the opposite side of the vehicle. The remaining two tires are moved from the drive axle to the free rolling axle, remaining on the same side of the vehicle. This method of rotation helps promote a more even and uniform treadwear pattern for all four tires. The only exception to this would be the use of ""directional"" tread design tires. These tires would remain on the same side of the vehicle and be rotated straight forward and straight back. If you have a four-wheel drive vehicle, we recommend crossing both pairs of tires to their new axle positions.We recommend tire rotation at least every 10000 kilometers. Four-wheel drive vehicles may require rotation even sooner such as every 6500 kilometers. Check your vehicle owner's manual for the manufacturer's rotation recommendations. If no rotation period is specified, tires should be rotated every 10000 kilometers to 13000 kilometers. The first rotation is the most important. When tires are rotated, inflation pressures must be adjusted to the vehicle manufacturer's recommendations. Uneven tire wear may also be due to misalignment or mechanical problems.

  3. What is alignment?

A vehicle is said to be properly aligned when all suspension and steering components are sound and when the tire and wheel assemblies are running straight and true.

Proper alignment is necessary for even tread wear and precise steering. Uneven front- or rear-tire wear or changes in your vehicle's handling or steering response (i.e. pulling to one side) can indicate misalignment. Many vehicles today are equipped with rear suspensions that can be adjusted for alignment. Your vehicle may need a "front-end" alignment or a "four-wheel" alignment, depending on the symptoms you are experiencing. The moderate cost of having your vehicle aligned can more than pay for itself in tire mileage, performance and comfort.

  1. What do I do if I notice a vibration?
    Vibration is an indication that your car has a problem that needs attention. The tires, steering system and suspension system should be checked to help determine the possible cause and correction of the vibration. If left unattended, the vibration could cause excessive tire and suspension wear. It could even be dangerous.

  2. Why do my tires need to be balanced?
    Properly balanced tires are important for driving comfort and long tire life. Unbalanced tires can cause vibration, resulting in driver fatigue, premature tire wear and unnecessary wear to your vehicle's suspension. Τires should be balanced when they are mounted on wheels for the first time or when they are remounted after repair. Tires should be rebalanced at the first sign of vibration or "shimmy." Vibration may also be due to misalignment or mechanical problems.

Caring

Basics of tire care and repair

  1. Do my new tires require any special treatment?
    Your new tires will probably feel different from the tires that were replaced. Drive carefully as you become familiar with their performance and handling. Take special care when braking, accelerating, cornering, or when driving in the rain, because these are the times when the differences will be most noticeable.

  2. How do I know when I need new tires?
    Many tires have tread wear indicator bars molded into the tread. When the tread is worn down to where you can see a solid bar of rubber across the width of the tread, it is time to replace the tire.


How long should my original equipment tires last?
Due to the variety of styles, construction features, treat compounds, vehicle applications, geographical conditions and driving habits, it is difficult to provide specific mileage expectancy. However, any tire wear concern should always be presented to your local authorized retailer for further evaluation. Many of our authorized retailers offer specific mileage warranties on several lines of tires sold as replacement tires, including some tires that are used as original equipment. These mileage warranties are administered based on the retail outlets' verification of proper tire maintenance.

  1. Is it safe to repair a flat tire?
    Your best bet is to make sure your spare tire is always ready to do the job. Check it regularly for proper air pressure and be sure that it is in good shape. If your car is equipped with one of the several types of temporary spares, be sure to check the spare tire's sidewall for the correct inflation pressure, speed, and mileage limitations.


Must I replace my present tires with the same size tires?

Never choose a smaller size than those that came with the car. Tires should always be replaced with the same size designation (or approved options) as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.


Should I "mix" tire types on my car?

Tires of different size designations, constructions, and stages of wear may affect vehicle handling and stability. For best all-around performance, it is recommended that all tires be of the same size, construction (radial, non-radial) and speed rating. If tires of different speed ratings are mounted on a vehicle, the same size, type and speed ratings need to be placed on the same axle, the tires with the lower speed rating will be the determining factor for permissible tire related vehicle speed. Never mix radial and bias-ply tires on the same axle.


What should I do if I notice a vibration?
Vibration is an indication that your car has a problem that needs attention. The tires, steering system and suspension system should be checked to help determine the possible cause and correction of the vibration. If left unattended, the vibration could cause excessive tire and suspension wear. It could even be dangerous.

  1. When buying just two new tires, should they be put on the front or rear?
    When radial tires are used with bias or bias belted tires on the same car, the radials must always be placed on the rear axle. Never mix radial and bias-ply tires on the same axle. When you select a pair of replacement tires in the same size and construction as those on the car, we recommend you put them on the rear axle. A single new tire should be paired on the rear axle with the tire having the most tread depth of the other three.

  2. Why do my tires need to be balanced?
    Properly balanced tires are important for driving comfort and long tire life. Unbalanced tires can cause vibration, resulting in driver fatigue, premature tire wear and unnecessary wear to your vehicle's suspension. Tires should be balanced when they are mounted on wheels for the first time or when they are remounted after repair. Tires should be rebalanced at the first sign of vibration or "shimmy." Vibration may also be due to misalignment or mechanical problems.


Driving

How driving affects your tires

  1. Can my driving habits affect the life of my tires?
    They certainly can. Here are some tips to increase the life of your tires:
    • Don't speed: excessive heat is generated when driving at high speeds. This heat increases the rate of tire wear and reduces the tire's durability.
    • Avoid fast turns on curves and around corners; fast starts and panic stops.
    • Don't ride on the edge of the pavement or drive over curbs, chuck-holes, or other obstructions. In 'Maintaining a tire', you can find out everything you need to do to prevent tire wear and problems, including how to rotate, inflate, balance and repair your tires.

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Inflation

Tire inflation do's and don'ts

  1. How much air should I put in my tires?
    Proper inflation is the single most important part of tire care. The inflation pressure on the side of the tire is the MAXIMUM operating pressure. It is not necessarily the right inflation for your vehicle. Always use the inflation recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. You can find it in your owner's manual, posted on the edge of the driver's door, on a door post or on the inside of the glove box door. Always check inflation when tires are COLD: when the vehicle has been driven less than a mile or one hour or more after driving. Use a good quality tire gauge. Note: It's natural for radial tires to have a slight bulge in the sidewall at their proper inflation pressure. Check or adjust inflation every few weeks, before any long trip or if travelling with a heavy load. And don't forget to check the spare.

See all 21 articles in category Cars and Motorbikes

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

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